Bauhaus Design At The Autumn 2019 Fair
Bauhaus influenced a rich variety of artistic movements, and its’ students experimentations inspired diverse developments in the worlds of architecture, design and new modes of living through the 20th century to today. In existence for barely fifteen years, Bauhaus (1919-1933) and its alumni exerted enormous influence on modernism and was arguably the single most influential art and design school of the twentieth century. Its approach to teaching, and to the relationship between art, life and technology, had a major impact both in Europe and in the United States long after its closure in 1933. The School united art and industrial design: practical crafts such as architecture, interior and graphic design, textiles and woodwork were given equal emphasis to fine arts such as sculpture and painting.
The furniture and utensil designs of Marcel Breuer (his chrome-plated tubular steel Wassily (leather) and Cesca (cane) chairs are deemed iconic 20ᵗʰ century pieces) and Marianne Brandt (head of the Bauhaus Metall-Werkstatt in Dessau from 1927), paved the way for the minimalist interiors of the 1950s and 1960s. Walter Gropius, architect of the Bauhaus building and the School’s first director, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (“less is more” and the Barcelona chair) were the forerunners of a style that continues to play an important role today.
Artists who attended Bauhaus included Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Josef Albers (Homage to the Square, 1951) and his wife the textile designer Anni Albers, and Herbet Bayer, the Bauhaus’ master of visual identity, in print and typography: his Universal typeface was crisp and modern, with serifs and no upper cases (except G and K), as these were deemed extraneous. Dealers at the Fair who frequently stock Bauhaus-influenced design encompass [make live links here to their sections of the exhibs listing] many of the C20th dealers, including James Strang, Streett Marburg & Charlotte Casedejus, Foster & Gane, Nordlings Antik, AntiqBR, Philip Thomas and Thurstan; and for art and accessories, Wilson Stephens & Jones, Gray M.C.A., Tim Smith-Vincent and Odyssey Fine Art.
Table lamps by Erik Tidstrand, Sweden, 1930s (Nordlings Antik); Swedish late 1970’s leather recliner by Tord Bjorklund (Streett Marburg & Charlotte Casedejus); Swedish functionalist side table, metal and red lacquered wood, 1930s (Nordlings Antik)
Annie Albers, Second Movement II, 1978 (Wilson Stephens & Jones)
Architect’s drawing of a modernist house c1930s (James Strang)
Thonet B3 chair by Marcel Breuer, 1928-1930 production, original catalogue illustration (James Strang)